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Alcohol first discovered by an Iranian/Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher called “Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi”. 10; In Poland, as early as the Middle Ages, Polish kings had an alcohol monopoly. The nuns no longer make this elixir, but another concoction of the convent survived and went on to become one of Mexico’s most popular holiday liqueurs – Rompope. Medieval China and Medieval India [ edit ] Distillation in China could have begun during the Eastern Han Dynasty (during the 1st & 2nd centuries), but the earliest archaeological evidence found so far indicates that the true distillation of alcohol began sometime during the Jin or Southern Song dynasties. is reputed to have been invented in 1510 by an Italian Benedictine named Dom Bernardo Vincelli to fortify and restore weary monks. Proceeds are donated to charity. Perfected by the Carthusian ord… In countries like France, Germany and Belgium, this new information was used to make better beer, but in Ireland and Scotland, monks made whiskey. Chartreuse (US: / ʃ ɑːr ˈ t r uː z,-ˈ t r uː s / (), UK: /-ˈ t r ɜː z /, French: [ʃaʁtʁøz]) is a French liqueur available in green and yellow versions that differ in taste and alcohol content. Godly men not only preserved and promulgated oenology, or the study of wines; they also advanced it. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. However, it was discovered in Persia (nowadays we call it Iran) by a genius named Al-Razi. Monks in a cellar. And if beer can save souls from pestilence, no wonder the Church has a special blessing for it that begins: “O Lord, bless this creature beer, which by Your kindness and power has been produced from kernels of grain, and may it be a health-giving drink for mankind.”. Monks discovered that egg whites can clarify wine. The monks brew a wide variety of beer which are heavily sought after all over the world by those who know what good beer is! 11; Beer could pay for for tithes, commerce, and taxes. As more breweries went out of business, the demand for the monks’ beer grew steadily as other alternatives left the market. According to one account, the nuns used egg whites to give the sacred art in their chapel a protective coating. True or False Alcoholic Quiz Questions Two rounds of beer questions on the trot? They had vast tracts of land for planting grapes or barley, a long institutional memory through which special knowledge could be handed down and perfected, a facility for teamwork and a commitment to excellence in even the smallest of chores as a means of glorifying God. Baylor University. Who invented whisky? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The manufacturing of whiskey remained in the hands of monks until the mid-sixteenth century when King Henry VIII disbanded all religious communities in England, Wales, and Ireland. The wine's distributor reported record sales of £43.2 million as of March 2017. One saint, Arnold of Soissons, who lived in the 11th century, has even been credited with inventing the filtration process. concern about drinking’s harmful effects. He also discovered numerous compounds and chemicals including kerosene, among others. Fritz Wagner (1896-1939) (Dorotheum) , via Wikimedia Commons. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Monk sneaking a drink. Religious orders such as the Benedictines and Jesuits became expert winemakers. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The history of alcohol and humans is at least 30,000 and arguably 100,000 years long. Wine in pre-modern time had a much lower alcohol content and was used as a disinfectant and as a tonic. Initially, the monks would have made wine, but while wine worked well for the warm regions of the Mediterranean, in the cold northern regions another method for creating spirits needed to be found, Aleteia reports. Wikimedia Commons Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom by Ilya Repin, ... What’s more, vodka gained a certain spiritual credibility because, as the story goes, it was invented by monks, men of God. Trappist monks originally brewed beer to feed the community and later used the proceeds of wider sales to become self-sufficient. Speculations about possible earlier development are just that… speculations. Benedictine monks in the Middle Ages made many wonderful, often-fermented food products, including bread, cheese, wine, and beer. Chartreuse is an herbal liqueur produced by Chartreuse (or Carthusian) monks in the French Alps. Distillation was known to alchemists long before medieval monks, but it is believed Llull was the first to distill alcohol. An illustration from the 19th century of monks feasting. Christian monks are said to have taken the distillation process to Ireland around the 11 th – 13 th century. "The first use of distilled spirits is likely to have been in religious rituals," Charles MacLean, an expert in Scotch whiskey, writes in the foreword to the essay collection “Whiskey and Philosophy: A Small Batch of Spirited Ideas Opens in New Window.”. Beer Alcohol consumption dates back to ancient Egypt, but stumbling, drunken monks and friars made it famous. Nor was ingenuity in alcohol a male-only domain. Some of the monks would go on to support themselves in the secular life by starting their own distilleries. Water sources often carried dangerous pathogens, and so small amounts of alcohol would be mixed with water to kill the germs therein. The liqueur has been made by the Carthusian Monks since 1737 according to the instructions set out in a manuscript given to them by François Annibal d'Estrées in 1605. Scanned from Den medeltida kokboken, Swedish translation of The Medieval Cookbook by Maggie Black, via Wikimedia Commons. Several commercial breweries that purchased monastic breweries or reproduced beers formerly made by monks have the right to the appellation Abbey beer. And two bishops, Saint Arnulf of Metz and Saint Arnold of Soissons, are credited with saving hundreds from a plague because they admonished their flock to drink beer instead of water. Several hold the variety of Trappist beers as some of the best in the entire world! They weren’t terribly concerned with alcohol-related workplace accidents back then, though now many resources are used for this purpose (see all the information). Wine grapes were first introduced to Alta California in 1779 by Saint Junipero Serra and his Franciscan brethren, laying the foundation for the California wine industry. Whiskey was invented by medieval Irish monks, who probably shared their knowledge with the Scots during their missions. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. So tasty was this elixir that it was often used as a beverage rather than a medicine. 1. Because these Celtic monks wrote in Latin, early whiskey became known as 'Aqua Vitae' or water of life. Alcohol occurs naturally in the world, so it wasn't really invented. The oldest drawings of a modern brewery are from the Monastery of Saint Gall in Switzerland. Each year the holidays bring with them an increase in both the consumption of alcohol and concern about drinking’s harmful effects. Scanned from Den medeltida kokboken, Swedish translation of The Medieval Cookbook by Maggie Black, via Wikimedia Commons. (1885) By Eduard Grützner. Kung Fu Kung Fu was first invented by Chinese monks in … Second, it is easy to forget in our current age that for much of human history, alcohol was instrumental in promoting health. With centuries of history, Chartreuse is one of the oldest and most mysterious spirits still available. Once they're ready, … The abbey was destroyed and the monks … Alcohol, a flammable liquid produced by the natural fermentation of sugars, is currently the most widely used human psychoactive agent around the world today, ahead of nicotine, caffeine, and betel nut. Alcohol abuse is no laughing matter, but is it sinful to drink and make merry, moderately and responsibly, during a holy season or at any other time? In India, an alcoholic beverage called sura, distilled from rice, was in use between 3000 and 2000 B.C. The most well-known are Grimbergen, formerly brewed at the Abbey of Grimbergen by Norbertine monks, and Leffe, formerly brewed at … And although beer may have been invented by the ancient Babylonians, it was perfected by the medieval monasteries that gave us brewing as we know it today. Did they know who invented alcohol? 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